The wine regions of Georgia
Georgia’s diverse natural conditions create the best environment for the development of high quality viticulture-winemaking according to the peculiarities of which the country’s territory is divided into the following viticulture zones and micro-zones:
Ajara / Black sea coastal zone
Ajara (Georgian: aWara) is a historical, geographic and political-administrative region of Georgia. Located in the country’s southwestern corner, Ajara lies on the coast of the Black Sea near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains. It has borders with the region of Guria to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east and Turkey to the south. It is an important tourism destination and includes Georgia’s second-largest city of Batumi as its capital. Most of Ajara’s territory either consists of hills or mountains. The highest mountains rise more than 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) above sea level. Around 60% of Ajara is covered by forests.
Ajara is well known for its humid climate (especially along the coastal regions) and prolonged rainy weather, although there is plentiful sunshine during the spring and summer months. Ajara receives the highest amounts of precipitation both in Georgia and in the Caucasus. It is also one of the wettest temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. September and October are usually the wettest months. The interior parts of Ajara are considerably drier than the coastal mountains and lowlands. Average summer temperatures are between 22–24 degrees. Average winter temperatures are between 4–6 degrees Celsius.
Among the hills along the coast as well as in the Kobuleti and Khelvachauri areas, the soil is largely yellow and ash-grey earth and only rarely deluvial. The soil of the lower reaches of the Acharistskhali River valley tends to be ash-grey, whereas that of the upper reaches, among the mountain forests, is largely clay and heavy clay as well as gravelly. The soil of the region’s valleys along the river banks is alluvial. Carbonace
VITICULTURE & Winemaking
Viticulture has been a feature here since ancient times. The region is now playing an active role in Georgia’s creation of new and restored vineyards, in recent years there has started the restoration of the old grape varieties and efforts are made to follow actively the winemaking.
The Key Grape Varieties of the Region: