Geography, plants and wildlife

The decision to spend your next holiday in Georgia means you will be heading off to explore a country in the Caucasus slightly less than 70,000 square kilometres in area. At its southern extreme, Georgia – the capital of which is Tbilisi – shares a little over 250 kilometres of its border with Turkey, a little under 165 kilometres with Armenia, and a little over 320 kilometres with Azerbaidjan. It shares the whole of its northern border with Russia and its entire western edge lies on the Black Sea coast. Georgia’s highest mountain is over 5,000 metres high. Its name is Mount Shkhara, and its specific height is 5,068 metres. The landscape of Georgia is quite varied and includes Black Sea beaches, very high mountains, high volcanic plateaus and great plains.